Russia to open new naval base in Black Sea to counter NATO. (RBTH).
The Russian Defense Ministry is completing the construction of the
final three submarine berths in the Black Sea port of Novorossiysk (930
miles south of Moscow). According to a RBTH source in the
military-industrial complex, the Black Sea Fleet's new base will host
six Varshavyanka class Project 636.6 submarines.
"Currently, three of them are already in the city's harbor – the Rostov-on-Don, Novorossiysk and Stary Oskol," said the RBTH source.
"Each submarine is equipped with underwater torpedoes to combat
surface ships and Kalibr missiles, which have demonstrated their combat
power in Syria, including the ability to hit targets at a distance of up
to 2,500 km."
According to the source, the decision to deploy an additional base on
the Black Sea was made in connection with the increased activity of
NATO warships in the past few years.
"The deployment of Varshavyanka class Project 636.6) submarines in
Novorossiysk allows Russia to control potential threats in Europe and
the Middle East," said the source.
The strength of the new base's location for the Black Sea Fleet is
the possibility to distribute ships and submarines between several naval
bases in the same region, say analysts. However, the base in
Novorossiysk has a crucial issue that still needs to be resolved.
"First of all, it’s about climatic conditions," Litovkin told RBTH.
"The maritime area of Novorossiysk is regularly subjected to the impact
of northern winds from the Caucasus Mountains, which hit ships and
houses in their path with great force.
“The wind can throw ships ashore and destroy the entire military
infrastructure. The base is being constructed in such a way that the
gusts of wind will not be so catastrophic."
According to him, Russia is building an additional tunnel in the Caucasus Mountains to nullify the threat of destructive winds.